Modern Urdu Gazal: Metaphorical Aspect

  • Matloob Hussain Lecturer, Govt Postgraduate College Sahiwal
  • Majid Mushtaq Lecturer, Dept. of Urdu, Govt. College University, Faisalabad
  • Dr. Sumaira Akbar Assistant Professor, Dept. of Urdu, Govt. College University, Faisalabad
Keywords: Modern Gazal, Metaphor, Poetry, Aesthetic, Language

Abstract

The importance of metaphor in modern Urdu ghazal does not need any introduction. Its use expands the world of poetry. It also highlights the aesthetic aspects of poetry. Due to metaphor, such subjects are also played which is not possible. It can be. With its use, aspects are created in the poems. Thus, even a simple and common idea takes an admirable form. Along with the traditional metaphors and symbols, new additions are also made to them in every age. Thus, this language. It is also a source of freshness. The breadth of metaphors in modern ghazals is commendable. In the metaphors of modern ghazals, life can be seen to breathe completely. The metaphorical universe is indeed the only difference between big and small poets’ resources.

References

Anwar Jamal. Adbi Istilahat. Islamabad: National Book Foundation. 2005. P 37

Narang, Gopichand, Dr. Adab ka badalta Manzarnama. Lahore: Sange Meel Publications. 2004. P 184

Samina Nadeem. Pakistan mein Urdu Ghazal: Aik Hissiyati Mutalia. Faisalabad: Qirtas. 2006. P 205

Ibid. P 205

Perveen Shakir. Mahe Tamam. Delhi: Educational Publishing House. 2008. P 976

Shukaib Jalali. Roshni ay Roshni. Online Kitab Ghar. N Y.P 37

Muhammad Zakaria, Khawaja, Dr. Urdu Ghazal: Intikhabe Zareen. Lahore: Sangat Publishers. 2009. P 316

Ibid. P 329

Munir Niazi. Dushmanon K Darmian Sham. Lucknow: Kitab Nagar. 1975. P 61

Nasir Kazmi. Berge Naiy. Lahore: Ilqa Publications. 2016. P 109

Ahmad Mushtaq. Kulliyate Ahmad Mushtaq. Lahore: Sange Meel Publications. 2009. P 79

Nasir Kazmi. Diwan. New Delhi: Education Book Centre. 1984. P 94

Saghar Siddiqui. Diwane Saghar Siddiqui (Compiled by Farhat Saba). Lahore: Khayam Publishers. 1990. P 140

Ahmad Mushtaq. Kulliyate Ahmad Mushtaq. P 74

Nasir Kazmi. Berge Naiy. P 94

Muntazar Mehdi, Dr. Urdu Ghazal aur Jamaliat. Lucknow: Tehzeebe Jadeed Publications. 2011. P 163

Nasir Kazmi. Berge Naiy. P 92

Ibid. P 125

Ibid. P 138

Ibid. P 127

Samina Nadeem. Pakistan mein Urdu Ghazal: Aik Hissiyati Mutalia. P 195

Perveen Shakir. Mahe Tamam. P 149

Ibid. P 252

Samina Nadeem. Pakistan mein Urdu Ghazal: Aik Hissiyati Mutalia. P 209

Muntazar Mehdi, Dr. Urdu Ghazal aur Jamaliat. P 187

Samina Nadeem. Pakistan mein Urdu Ghazal: Aik Hissiyati Mutalia. P 162

Munir Niazi. Mahe Munir. Lahore: Maktabae Munir. 1980. P 53

Ahmad Mushtaq. Kulliyate Ahmad Mushtaq. P 84

Ibne Insha. Iss Basti Kay Ik Koochay Mein. New Delhi: Atif Book Depot. 2009. P 149

Muhammad Zakaria, Khawaja, Dr. Urdu Ghazal: Intikhabe Zareen. P 231

Afaaq Siddiui. Nasir Kazmi Ki Ghazalein, included: Nai Qadrein (Shaer Number). Issue 4. Hyderabad. 1967. P 430

Nasir Kazmi. Itbar Naghma. Ilahabad: Literary Book Center. 1982. P 98

Zaheer Kashmiri. Azmate Adam. Lahore: Nia Idara. 1955. P 92

Samina Nadeem. Pakistan mein Urdu Ghazal: Aik Hissiyati Mutalia. P 194

Ibid. P 187

Ahmad Mushtaq. Kulliyate Ahmad Mushtaq. P 136

Munir Niazi. Mahe Munir. P 93

Faiz Ahmad Faiz. Meray Dil Meray Musafir. Karachi: Maktaba Daniyal. 1981. P 76

Muhammad Zakaria, Khawaja, Dr. Urdu Ghazal: Intikhabe Zareen. P 296

Ibid. 244

Ibid. 242

Published
2021-12-23
How to Cite
Matloob Hussain, Majid Mushtaq, and Dr. Sumaira Akbar. 2021. “Modern Urdu Gazal: Metaphorical Aspect”. Tasdiqتصدیق۔ 3 (01), 148-57. http://tasdeeq.riphahfsd.edu.pk/index.php/tasdeeq/article/view/60.