The will of Gurmukh Singh
Urdu Short Story complies with social, psychological, and symbolic themes. Saadat Hassan Manto has a prominent status in Urdu Short stories. He knows well the sensitivity of human psychology. The study of human psychology was his favorite subject. In this article, efforts are made to highlight human behaviors. Manto analyzed the identical situation and its impact on society before and after 1947. Manto, being the humanist that he certainly was, could not remain indifferent to the absolute calamity that befell the sub-continent in 1947. In the short story under review, he has analyzed the very threadbare what 1947 meant for, not only to the contemporary generation but also for the subsequent one. The lament is not for the present madness as it was but more for the loss of values that Santookh Singh and his shrewd but shameful conduct reflects which like a true artist, Manto prophecies. This paper also deals with the violent behavior of society after 1947 and highlights Manto's opinion in this regard.
Hassan Abbas Raza. Fasadat Key Afsanay (Hissa Awal). Islamabad: Dost Publications.1999. P 7
Muhammad Hassan, Dr. Adabi Tanqeed. Lakhnow: Idara-E- Firog-E-Urdu. 1954. P 108-109
Muhammad Ali, Ch. Zahoor-E-Islam. Lahore: Maktaba-E-Karwan. N Y. P 306
Mushtaq Ahmad Wani, Dr. Taqseem-E-Hind Key Bad Urdu Novel Mein Tahzeebi Bohran. Delhi: Cock Offset Printers. 2002. P 15
This Short Story was written on 5th October 1951included in Yazeed.
Ghiasuddin, Sheikh Muhammad. Hindu Muslim Fasadat Aur Urdu Afsana. Lahore: Nigarshat. 1999. P 23
Mumtaz Shereen. Maayar. Lahore: Nia Idara. 1963. P 150
Manto, Saadat Hassan. Yazeed. Lahore: Sang-E-Meel Publications. 2008. P 19
Ibid. P 23
Waheed ud din Khan, Molana. Fasadat Ka Masala. Uttar Perdesh: Goodwords Books. 2015. P 16
Mantoo, Saadat Hassan. Yazeed. P 20
Ibid. P 21
Ibid. P 21
Ibid. P 22
Ibid. P 24
Ibid. P 26-27
Ibid. P 25-26
Ibid. P 21
Ibid. P 19
Ibid. P 20
Hassan Askari. Majmooa Muhammad Hassan Askari. Lahore: Sang-E-Meel Publications. 2008. P 143
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