UNIQUE RHETORIC IN AHMAD FARAZ'S POETRY

  • Dr. Muhammad Afzal Safi Assistant Professor, Government Graduate College, Karor Lal Esan, Distt. Layyah
  • Muhammad Jalal ud Din Nomani Associate Professor, Department of Urdu, Govt. Graduate Degree College, Samanabad Faisalabad
Keywords: Ilme Badee, Ahmad Faraz, Rhetoric, Sanae Badae, Sana e Lafzi, Sana e Manvi, Poetical Devices, Ilme Bayan, Ilme Maani, Individuality

Abstract

Ilma e Badee (Rhetoric) is an important branch of knowledge that deals with poetry. In this branch of knowledge, those tools and standards are discussed which play an important role to evaluate poetry and other related genres. The ways and means to achieve the beauty of poetry are discovered through it. The verse is adorned with the qualities of diction and meaning. These are called “Sana e lafzi and Sana e Manvi".

Though Ahmed Faraz did not deliberately try to use these Sana-e-lafzi-o- Manavi, as the classical master poets used to do, his command over the rules of rhetorics and principles of poetics is unprecedented among his contemporaries. Instead of using these Sanae Badae as that ornaments, Ahmed Faraz uses them to extend their meaning beyond their boundaries. A long-range Sanae Badae is found in his poetry which beautifies his contents and the forms as well.

In this article, 34 Sanae Lafzi (with different kinds) and 18 Sanae Manvi have been identified Faraz`s poetry. His individuality is reflected through this Sanae badae.                 

The particular trait of Ahmed Faraz is that he has not merely used "sanae badae” on a word level, rather he has utilized these “ilm e byaan and ilme e maani” in a broad spectrum. On account of these qualities, his poetry is regarded as a beautiful combination of musicality and meaningfulness. Ahmed Faraz is a modern poet but his modernity is deeply rooted in classical values. He, actually, derives the beauty of poetry from the classical system of values comprising “Sana e lafzi and Sana e Manvi". His individuality lies in blending both of the values of the systems i.e classicism and modernism.

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Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Dr. Muhammad Afzal Safi, and Muhammad Jalal ud Din Nomani. 2022. “UNIQUE RHETORIC IN AHMAD FARAZ’S POETRY”. Tasdiqتصدیق۔ 4 (01), 180-90. https://doi.org/10.56276/tasdiq.v4i01.79.