• Dr. Muhammad Afzal Safi Assistant Professor, Government Graduate College, Karor Lal Esan, Distt. Layyah
  • Muhammad Jalal ud Din Nomani Associate Professor, Department of Urdu, Govt. Graduate Degree College, Samanabad Faisalabad
Keywords: Ilme Badee, Ahmad Faraz, Rhetoric, Sanae Badae, Sana e Lafzi, Sana e Manvi, Poetical Devices, Ilme Bayan, Ilme Maani, Individuality


Ilma e Badee (Rhetoric) is an important branch of knowledge that deals with poetry. In this branch of knowledge, those tools and standards are discussed which play an important role to evaluate poetry and other related genres. The ways and means to achieve the beauty of poetry are discovered through it. The verse is adorned with the qualities of diction and meaning. These are called “Sana e lafzi and Sana e Manvi".

Though Ahmed Faraz did not deliberately try to use these Sana-e-lafzi-o- Manavi, as the classical master poets used to do, his command over the rules of rhetorics and principles of poetics is unprecedented among his contemporaries. Instead of using these Sanae Badae as that ornaments, Ahmed Faraz uses them to extend their meaning beyond their boundaries. A long-range Sanae Badae is found in his poetry which beautifies his contents and the forms as well.

In this article, 34 Sanae Lafzi (with different kinds) and 18 Sanae Manvi have been identified Faraz`s poetry. His individuality is reflected through this Sanae badae.                 

The particular trait of Ahmed Faraz is that he has not merely used "sanae badae” on a word level, rather he has utilized these “ilm e byaan and ilme e maani” in a broad spectrum. On account of these qualities, his poetry is regarded as a beautiful combination of musicality and meaningfulness. Ahmed Faraz is a modern poet but his modernity is deeply rooted in classical values. He, actually, derives the beauty of poetry from the classical system of values comprising “Sana e lafzi and Sana e Manvi". His individuality lies in blending both of the values of the systems i.e classicism and modernism.


Hanif Gangohi, Molana. Neel Ul Amani Sharahe Urdu.Vol.2. Karachi: Maktaba Behr ul Uloom. P 355

Abid Ali Abid, Sayyid.Usool e Intiqad e Adbiyat. Lahore: Sange Meel Publications. 1997. P 226

Muhammad Sajid Khan, Dr. Journal of Research (Urdu).Multan: Bahauddin Zikriya. December. 2015. P 144

Abid Ali Abid, Sayyid. Albadee. Lahore: Sange Meel Publications. 2001. P 45

Ahmad Faraz. Darde Aashob. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2015.P 170

Ahmad Faraz.Janan Janan. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2015. P 95

Ahmad Faraz. Ghazal Bahana karon. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2015.P 53

Ahmad Faraz. Darde Aashob.P 42

Ahmad Faraz. Ghazal Bahana karon.P 121

Khadija Shujaat Ali. Fane Shairi (Translated from Sehl ul Balaghat) Lahore: Shaikh Muhammad Bashir and sons. P 102-103

Ahmad Faraz. Pas Andaz Mousam. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2016.P 56

Ahmad Faraz. Darde Aashob.P 191

Ahmad Faraz. Tanha. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2015.P 30

Ahmad Faraz. Tanha Tanha.P 128

Nazeer Ahmad M.A, Prof. Iqbal kay Sanaye Badaye. Lahore: Aainae Adab. 1966. P 78

Ahmad Faraz. Khawa e Gul Pareshan Hai. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2015.P 101

Asim Saqlain. Irtibate Harfo Maani. Lahore: Fiction House. 2015. P 90

Ahmad Faraz. Nayafat. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2014.P 36

Ahmad Faraz. Pas Andaz Mousam.P 13

Ahmad Faraz. Ay Ishaq Junoon Paisha. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2007.P 155

Ahmad Faraz. Khawabe Gul Pareshan Hai. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2015.P

Ahmad Faraz. Tanha Tanha.P 137

Ahmad Faraz. Nabina Shehr Main Aaina. Islamabad: Dost Publications. 2016.P 25

Ahmad Faraz. Bay Aawaz Gali kuchon Main.P 95

Najm Ul Ghani. Behr Ul Fasahat. Vol.2. Lahore: Maqbool Academy. 1989. P 948

Ahmad Faraz. Darde Aashob.P 136

Ahmad Faraz. Janan Janan.P 108

Ahmad Faraz. Dard e Aashob.P 11

Ahmad Faraz. Tanha Tanha.P 164

Imam Sehbai. Hadaiq Ul Balaghat. Translatied by Shams Ul Din Faqeer. Compiled by Doctor Muzammil Hussain. Faisalabad: Misal Publishers. 2009. P 147

Ahmad Faraz. Darde Aashob.P 113

Ahmad Faraz. Pas Andaz Mousam.P 103

Ahmad Faraz. Tanha Tanha.P 92

Ahmad Faraz. Janan Janan.P 23

Ahmad Faraz. Ghazal Bahana Karon.P 128

Ahmad Faraz. Ay Ishaq Junoon Paisha.P 80

Ibid. P 194

Ahmad Faraz. Pas Andaz Mousam.P 121

How to Cite
Dr. Muhammad Afzal Safi, and Muhammad Jalal ud Din Nomani. 2022. “UNIQUE RHETORIC IN AHMAD FARAZ’S POETRY”. Tasdiqتصدیق۔ 4 (01), 180-90. https://doi.org/10.56276/tasdiq.v4i01.79.