THE INFLUENCE OF ARABIC AND PERSIAN LANGUAGES ON MULLA FAZIL'S POETRY

  • Abdul Raziq Lecturer, Department of Pakistani Languages, NUML, Islamabad
  • Mohammad Farooq Anjum Assistant Professor, Department of Pakistani Languages, NUML, Islamabad
Keywords: Balochi, Arabic, Persian, Middle Ages, Poetry, Domination, Influence, Mulla Fazil, 19th Century, vocabularies

Abstract

Mulla Fazil is considered to be one of the pioneer poets of the nineteenth century, whose poetry has many linguistic twists and turns.  Arabic and Persian vocabularies dominate his poetry to the extent that Balochi becomes a secondary language. By the way, it is not Fazil alone, Arabic and Persian left drastic imprints on the Balochi poetry composed during the era. These impacts have occurred at both academic and religious levels because most of the poets were studying at seminaries where Persian and Arabic were taught. The Arabic and Persian words and themes appear in a majority of his poems, at the same time, in each of his poems. Some stanzas are entirely in Arabic or Persian language. Most of the poets of the “Balochi Middle Age” were well versed in the Arabic and Persian languages. Consequently, a wide chunk of Arabic and Persian words entered Mulla Fazil's poetry, which has been demonstratively discussed in the following article.

References

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https://qindeelonline.com/urdu-zaban-wa-adab-par-arabi-k-asrat/

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Ibid, p:53

Hashemi, Sayed, Shah Lachcha kar, Gwadar:Sayed Hashemi Academy, 2013

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Shad, Faqir, Darpashukin Sohail, Turbat: Bilal Book Stationers, 2002 p:110

Ibid, p:135

Aid, p:236

Ibid, p:274

Ibid, p:156

Mari, Meer Mettha Khan, Mulla Fazul, Mulla Fazul: Zind-o- ezm(Compilation: Raheem Mehr),Karachi: Sayed Hashemi Reference Library, p:54

Bazdar, Wahid / Hussain Bakhhsh Sajid, Balochi, Brahui Language and Literature,Islamabad: Allama Iqbal Open University, 2017, p:40

Huriri, Prof. Ghulam Ahmad, https://ilhaad.com/2016/12/quran-effects-on-arabic//

Ibid

https://archive.urdu.siasat.com/news/

Baloch, Dr. Abdul Sabur, Mulla Fazul, Mulla Fazul Zind-o-ezm (compiled by: Rahim Mehr Baloch), Karachi:Syed Hashmi Reference Library, 2015, p:194

Buzdar, Wahid, Mulla Fazul Wati wahdai Bedarwaren Shair, Mulla Fazul: Zind-o-ezm (Compilation: Rahim Mehr Baloch), Karachi: Syed Hashmi Reference Library, 2015, p:77

Shad, Faqir, Darpashukin Sohail,Turbat: Bilal Book Stationers, 2002 p:315

Ibid, p:130

Baloch Tahir Hakeem / Sadiq Saba, Mulla Fazul, Zind-o-ezm,Kech: Institute of Balochi Language and Culture, University of Turbat, 2018, p:48-49

Ibid, p:76

Baloch, Rahim Mehr, Mulla Fazul: Zind-o-ezm, (Foreword), Karachi: Syed Hashmi Reference Library, 2015, p:20-21

Bamri, Dr. Ramzan, Mulla Fazil's Poetry, Effects of Persian Language, Mulla Fazul Zind-o-ezm, (Compilation: Rahim Mehr Baloch), Karachi:Syed Hashmi Reference Library, 2015, P:83

Ibid, p:83

Published
2022-06-30
How to Cite
Abdul Raziq, and Mohammad Farooq Anjum. 2022. “THE INFLUENCE OF ARABIC AND PERSIAN LANGUAGES ON MULLA FAZIL’S POETRY”. Tasdiqتصدیق۔ 4 (01), 121-29. https://doi.org/10.56276/tasdiq.v4i01.83.