An Analytical Study

  • Dr. Abdul Aziz Malik Assistant Professor, Department of Urdu, Government College University, Faisalabad
  • Dr Sumaira Akbar Assistant Professor, Department of Punjabi, Govt. College University, Faisalabad.
  • Dr Rabia Sarfraz Associate Professor, Department of Urdu, Govt. College University, Faisalabad
Keywords: Franz Kafka, Existentialism, corrupt bureaucracy, English novel, The Metamorphosis, The Trial, The castle, Kafkaesque, mysterious, Court, judiciary


Franz Kafka was a prominent literary figure in the 20th-century of European literature. Franz Kafka has been called everything from a modernist to an existentialist, a fantasy writer to a realist. His work almost stands alone as its own subgenre, and the adjective ‘Kafkaesque’ – whose meaning, like the meaning of Kafka’s work, is hard to pin down, has become well-known even to people who have never read a word of Kafka’s writing. Perhaps inevitably, he is often misinterpreted as being a gloomy and humorless writer about nightmarish scenarios, when this at best conveys only part of what he is about. He was brought up in a middle-class German family. He wrote many novels on different themes. “The trial” is one of them. It was written in 1914 and was published posthumously in 1925 in the German language. It was translated into English by Willa and Edwin Muir in 1937. It is his best-known work. It is the story of Joseph K, a respectable bank officer, who is arrested by an inaccessible authority although he has done nothing wrong. One year later, two warders again come for K. they take him to a quarry outside of town and kill him in the name of the law. Through the struggle of that specific character, he criticized the modern bureaucracy. It is also described as an existentialist novel because it represents the absurdity of the world and the nightmare of intersubjectivity. In this article above mentioned themes are discussed with proper references.


Nayyar Masood, Kafka Kay Afsaney, Karachi, Aaj,2009,p:7

Rukhsana Perveen, jaded Urdu afsana: Saqafti istamariat aor Mazahmti raviyay, Mashmoola:Saqafti Shanakht aor Istmari bayaney, Muratab: Dr Sajad Naem,Lahore:fiction house,2021,p:99

Muhammad Asim Butt, Kafka kahaniyan, Islam abad:National Book Foundation,2013,p:20

Dora Diamant was a friend of Franz Kafka who was from Poland. She first met Franz Kafka in 1923 when he was staying in the Baltic coastal region of Mures due to his declining health. When Franz was at the "Berlin Jewish People's Home", she was cutting fish in the kitchen. Seeing her, Kafka spontaneously said, "Such delicate hands and such hard work." Lasted

Fanz Kafka, Muqadma,Mutarjim: Manzoor ahmad,Lahore: Fiction House,2019,p:272

Ibid, ,p:22

.Ibid, ,p:253

Ibid, p:93

The similes, metaphors, and imagery (visual, auditory, and tactile) in the novel can also be discussed, which can be helpful in conveying the suffering and specific mental and psychological conditions of the main character, but all this, requires a separate article. For fear of length, only this aspect has been mentioned

How to Cite
Dr. Abdul Aziz Malik, Dr Sumaira Akbar, and Dr Rabia Sarfraz. 2022. “TRIAL BY FRANZ KAFKA”. Tasdiqتصدیق۔ 4 (2), 1-14.